Common Name :- Delonix Regia
Botanical Name :- Royal poinciana
Hindi Name :-Gulmohar
Marathi Name :- Gulmohar
Family :- Fabaceae
Large, blossoming Gulmohar trees are deciduous trees. The tree looks attractive and provides a light aroma. The Gulmohar tree is one of the most well-liked outdoor plants in India. Despite being a native of Madagascar, this plant thrives in India’s tropical climate.
- The Gulmohar plant’s wood is utilised as fuel. This wood has a calorific value of 4600 kcal/kg.
- In bee farming, the Gulmohar blossoms are fed to the bees.
- This plant produces thick water-soluble gum. The furniture and textile industries employ this natural gum as a binding agent.
- Pungam Oil, particularly beneficial in tanning, is produced from the seeds.
- Jewellery makers frequently employ the elongated, hard seeds of the Gulmohar plant as beads.
There are numerous medicinal as well as environmental benefits of Gulmohar trees. These include:
- Gulmohar trees are endowed with a variety of medicinal qualities. Along with having wound healing effects, they have antibacterial, antifungal, antimicrobial, antioxidant, gastro-protective, antimalarial, anti-inflammatory, and cardio-protective characteristics.
- The leaves of the Gulmohar tree are anti-diabetic. These leaves’ methanol extract is used to lower blood glucose levels.
- The leaves of the Gulmohar tree may offer hepatoprotection.
- These plants have anti-diarrheal qualities in their leaves.
- It has flavonoids that support liver health protection.
- Gulmohar tree leaves are used to make an essential oil with antifungal qualities.
- The Gulmohar plant treats various bodily ailments like constipation, diabetes, malaria, rheumatoid arthritis, inflammation, and pneumonia in traditional and ancient medicine.
- This plant is utilised to restore the soil.
- It may also aid in repairing atmospheric nitrogen.